The Syrian Crisis

As the conflict in Syria enters its tenth year, the need for humanitarian assistance remains crucial. The humanitarian needs in areas outside control of the Syrian Government have been exacerbated by the displacement and re-displacement of people towards the northern region of Syria. This led to a substantial increase in the population density in the northern region, which is already suffering from lack of health services and the inability of humanitarian actors to meet the dire need. Per OCHA SYRIA 2019 HUMANITARIAN NEEDS OVERVIEW, an estimated 11.7 million people are in need of various forms of humanitarian assistance, with certain population groups facing particularly high levels of vulnerability. The impact of present and past hostilities on civilians remains the principal driver of humanitarian needs in Syria.

The Syrian crisis continues to have a major impact on people in all countries. Countless civilians have been killed and injured as a direct result of attacks, with 45% of casualties expected to live with permanent disabilities that require continued support beyond the crisis. The provision of health services remains hampered by ongoing attacks. Attacks on health centers have rendered the majority of primary health facilities and hospitals completely or partially destroyed or non-functional.

Renewed clashes and shelling in northern Syria targeting civilians and civilian facilities, especially health facilities, led to a rise in the number of people with limited access to emergency and specialized healthcare facilities, and to an increased need for relatively safe access to healthcare facilities that include trauma and a wide range of specialized surgical and non-surgical medical services needed in the region.

In the absence of a political solution, human rights violations and abuse continue to occur in the context of widespread insecurity and in disregard of International Law, International Humanitarian Law, and Human Rights Law. Click here to read the UNOCHA page about the Syrian crisis. 
Millions continue the daily struggle for survival amid widespread threats to their safety and dignity. Syrians are stuck in a protection crisis where violence permeates daily life, particularly for women and children. Protracted conflict and large-scale displacement disrupt Syria’s social and economic structure, which compounds immediate suffering and jeopardizes Syria’s long-term growth and stability. Most of the 5 million Syrian refugees worldwide remain in neighboring countries. Of the limited number that returned, many were faced with desperate conditions and little or no opportunity for sustainability. In contrast, prolonged stay and intensive displacement have made access to services and livelihood opportunities extremely rare. As a result of the enduring nature of this conflict, resilience is weakening and deeply limiting communities’ ability to meet basic needs.

Syrian Displaced Girl


The Syrian conflict has triggered the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since World War II. Humanitarian needs continue to rise, population displacements are increasing, and an entire generation of children is being exposed to war and violence, increasingly deprived of basic services, education and protection. See the ECHO Fact sheet on Syria for the latest facts and figures.


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